Understanding how the different addition and subtraction strategies work is a second grade, Common Core math skill: 2.NBT.9. Below we show two videos that demonstrate this standard. Then, we provide a breakdown of the specific steps in the videos to help you teach your class.
Your students should be familiar with the first grade skill of counting up to 120 starting from any number below 120 (1.NBT.1), this skill helps them understand greater or less than values. The second grade skill is also closely linked to the first grade skill of understanding place values (ones and tens) in two-digit numbers (1.NBT.2).
Comparing large numbers as greater than, less than, and equal to will help your students understand future concepts in third grade. In third grade, your students will learn how to interpret the products of whole numbers (i.e. 8 x 3 is the same as 8 groups of 3 objects each) (3.OA.1). They will also learn to use multiplication and division within 100 while solving word problems in situations that involve “equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities” (3.OA.3).
Common Core Standard: 2.NBT.9 - Explain why addition and subtraction strategies work (place value and the properties of operations)
Students who understand this principle can:
2 Videos to Help You Teach Common Core Standard: 2.NBT.9
Below we provide and breakdown two videos to help you teach your students this standard.
Video 1: Two Ways to Add
This video presents and breaks down two methods for solving the same addition problem. The problem used in the video is 48 + 26.
The first method follows the standard pattern of placing the digits in a column form and adding the numbers in the ones place first, then adding the numbers in the tens place.
Next, the video shows another method for solving the same problem by breaking the numbers up into tens and ones, using expanded form.
Both methods lead to the same answer, but they take different routes to arrive there.
Video 2: Find and Create Fact Families!
This video discusses fact families. A fact family explains 4 facts that show the relationship between addition and subtraction. Here’s an example:
Boddle then moves onto some practice problems to help students better understand. Students must choose the correct related addition or subtraction facts from a list.
Next, Boddle has students try one last exercise. From the facts written on 8 balloons, students must create 2 fact families by properly grouping the balloons.
That’s the end of this lesson; see you next time!
Want more practice?
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*Information on standards is gathered from The New Mexico Public Education Department's New Mexico Instructional Scope for Mathematics and the Common Core website.